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Grammar Tips

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1. Noun - A noun is a word used as the name of a person, place or thing. The word ‘thing’ means anything which we can think of – countable, uncountable, visible, invisible, touchable, untouchable, events, feelings, etc. 
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Examples:
Computer, table, book, speaker, fan, car, gold, glass. (names of things)
Delhi, London, New York, school, college, garden, Akshardham (names of places)
Vartika, Kanika, Tom, Ashoka, doctor, girl, Princess, Queen (names of persons)
Dog, cat, lion, rabbit, horse, donkey, monkey, parrot, bird (names of animals, birds) 

2.Pronouns - Pronouns are words that are used in place of nouns. Pronoun means ‘for a noun’

Example: Avyan is also a member of the Jury.
So, he is also responsible for the Judgement

3.Verb - A verb is a word that tells us what a person, animal or thing is doing. Verbs show action, so they are also called action words. Some verbs do not show action and indicate existence or state of being like appear, seem etc. Every sentence must have a verb.

Examples: write, speak, read, fight, learn, come, go, seem, feel, etc.
He speaks very slow - (action verb – speak)
I learn English daily – (action verb – learn)
She resembles her mother – (state verb – resembles)
It appears that you have lost your ring – (state verb – appears, action verb – lost)

4.Primary Helping (Auxiliary) Verbs 
Primary Auxiliary verbs (also known as Helping Verbs) are verbs that are used together with the main verb of the sentence to express the action or state. They support the main verbs to form the structure of sentence as per specific tense. Primary Auxiliary Verbs are of three types:

1. Verbs 'TO BE' - Is, are, am, was, were
2. Verbs 'TO HAVE' - Has, have, had
3. Verbs 'TO DO' - Do, does, did
The verb "TO BE" is used as - Is / are / am / was / were. It’s simple meaning is "to be" or be something. As helping or auxiliary verbs, it is used in tenses, active-passive and direct-indirect about which we will learn in detail later. Here we will learn about its other usages in a sentence. 

Simple meaning of verb " TO HAVE" denotes "possession". "Have" is used as - Has / have / had. As helping or auxiliary verbs, it is also used in tenses, active-passive and direct-indirect about which we will learn in detail later. Here we will learn about its simple meaning "Possession". 

Simple meaning of verb "TO DO" is used as - Do / does / did. It's simple meaning is "to perform an action" and vastly used in tenses, active-passive and direct-indirect about which we will learn in detail later. Here we will learn about its other usages in sentence.
5.Adjective
An Adjective modifies a noun. It describes the quality, state, size, colour, quantity, characteristic, action, etc of a noun or pronoun.

Example : smart boy, beautiful girl, black dog, strong base, good advice. Words 'smart', 'beautiful', 'black', 'strong', 'good' are Adjectives and give more information/description about noun. 
More than one Adjective can also be used for a single noun or pronoun in one sentence.
Example : 
A good airline employs tall air hostesses.
A good airline employs tall and smart air hostesses.
A good airline employs tall, smart and intelligent air hostesses.

6.Adverb
An Adverb modifies a verb or an adjective or another adverb. It describes how, where, when, how often and why something happens. 

Example : The cat climbed quickly on the table.
The word 'quickly' is an adverb which gives more information about verb 'climbed'. The adverb 'quickly' tells that cat climbed at once without delay.

7.Preposition
Preposition is a word that indicates relationship between noun or pronoun and the other words in a sentence. e.g. in, on, at, to, with, under, above, into, by, of, etc Preposition is always used before a noun or pronoun. 
8.Conjunctions 
Conjunctions are the words that join and link two or more sentences or two parts of a sentence together.
9.Interjection
Interjections are short words which express sudden and/or strong feeling. Exclamation sign " ! " is placed after Interjection words.
e.g. oh, ah, wow, hurrah, alas, ouch, Oops, aha, hey, etc. 
Examples: 
Hurrah! India has won the match.
Alas! His father is dead.
Ouch! You are hurting me.
Oh! I forgot your name.
Normal words can also be used as Interjection for expressing feeling or emotion by putting exclamation sign " ! " after it. 

e.g. - No! Don't touch the iron, it's hot. 
Help! I am sinking.